Clinical Trial Details

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Study ID CALGB 90203
James Eastham, MD,   Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Title Surgery With or Without Docetaxel and Leuprolide or Goserelin in Treating Patients With High-Risk Localized Prostate Cancer
Conditions Prostate Cancer
Interventions Drug: docetaxel
Drug: LHRH agonist
Procedure: surgery
Phase Phase 3
Purpose RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Androgens can cause the growth of prostate cancer cells. Antihormone therapy, such as goserelin and leuprolide, may stop the adrenal glands from making androgens. Giving docetaxel and leuprolide or goserelin before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed. It is not yet known whether giving docetaxel and leuprolide or goserelin before surgery is more effective than surgery alone in treating patients with prostate cancer. PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying docetaxel and leuprolide or goserelin to see how well they work when given before surgery compared with surgery alone in treating patients with high-risk localized prostate cancer.
Eligibility Ages Eligible: 18 Years
Genders Eligible:  Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:  No
1. Histologic documentation - Histologic documentation of prostatic adenocarcinoma. Patients with small cell, neuroendocrine, or transitional cell carcinomas are not eligible. All eligible patients must have a known Gleason sum based on biopsy or TURP at the time of registration. 2. Clinically localized disease - Patients must have clinical stage T1-T3a and no radiographic evidence of metastatic disease as demonstrated by: - EITHER CT or MRI of the abdomen and pelvis, OR endorectal MRI of the pelvis that demonstrate no nodes > 1.5 cm. If one or more pelvic lymph node(s) measures > 1.5 cm, a negative biopsy is required. If more than one lymph node is > 1.5 cm, the largest or most accessible node should be biopsied. AND - Negative bone scan (with plain films and/or MRI and/or CT scan confirmation, if necessary). Positive PET and Prostascint scans are not considered proof of metastatic disease. 3. Determination of high-risk status: Patients must have either: - A Kattan nomogram predicted probability of being free from biochemical progression at 5 years after surgery of < 60%. OR - Prostate biopsy Gleason sum ≥ 8 (NOTE: The Kattan nomogram probability must be calculated for all patients, including those eligible based on Gleason sum ≥ 8 only.) 4. Prior treatment - No prior treatment for prostate cancer including prior surgery (excluding TURP), pelvic lymph node dissection, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy. Patients may have received up to 4 months of androgen deprivation therapy (LHRH agonists, antiandrogens, or both) prior to being enrolled on the study. 5. Appropriate surgical candidates - Patients must be appropriate candidates for radical prostatectomy with an estimated life expectancy > 10 years as determined by a urologist. Evidence of underlying cardiac disease should be evaluated prior to enrollment to ensure that patients are not at high risk of cardiac complications. 6. Clotting history - Patients with a history of deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and/or cerebrovascular accident or currently requiring systemic anticoagulation are eligible provided they are determined to be candidates for radical prostatectomy. 7. ECOG performance status: 0-2 8. Age: ≥ 18 years of age 9. Required Initial Laboratory Values: - ANC ≥ 1500/μL - Platelet count ≥ 150,000/μL - Creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dL - Pre-registration serum PSA level ≤ 100 ng/mL - Bilirubin ≤ 1.5XULN (2.5XULN in patients with Gilbert's disease) - AST/ALT ≤1.5XULN
Study Location N/A
Contact James Eastham, MD
646 422-4390
Information obtained from, on 7/28/2015. For additional information about this and other clinical trials, visit
Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00430183

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