Clinical Trial Details

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Study ID R09090
Investigator
Kirsti Uusi-Rasi, PhD,   UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research
Title Vitamin D and Exercise in Falls Prevention
Conditions Falls Prevention
Prevention of Fall-related Injuries
Interventions Dietary Supplement: exercise and vitamin D supplementation
Dietary Supplement: exercise and vitamin D supplementation
Dietary Supplement: exercise and vitamin D supplementation
Dietary Supplement: exercise and vitamin D supplementation
Phase N/A
Purpose The aim of the study is to investigate the effects of exercise and vitamin D supplementation on reducing falls and injuries in community-dwelling, independent-living women aged 70-79 years of age. The investigators will test the following hypothesis: 1. Exercise including strength, balance and mobility training will improve muscle functioning and body balance, and thus reduce falls by 30% compared with non-exercisers. 2. Vitamin D intake will improve muscle functioning and thus prevent falls by 30% compared with placebo. 3. Together vitamin D and exercise have a stronger influence on fall prevention than either used alone. 4. Training improves mobility functions and bone health. 5. Supervised training twice a week with daily home training will improve physical functioning thus resulting in reduced fear of falling. 6. Reduced fear of falling and improved physical functioning help older people to stay physically active, which further improve their quality of life.
Eligibility Ages Eligible: 70 Years
Genders Eligible:  Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:  Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Inclusion Criteria:
  • female
  • age 70-80 years old
  • lives at home independently
  • has fallen at least once during the previous year
  • no contraindication to exercise
  • understands the procedures of the study
  • has been informed of X-ray radiation doses of the DXA and pQCT investigations Exclusion Criteria:
  • moderate-to-vigorous exercise more than 2 hours per week
  • regular use of vitamin D, or calcium + vitamin D supplements
  • a recent fracture (during preceding 12 months)
  • contraindication or inability to participate in the exercise program
  • marked decline in the basic activities of daily living (ADL-test)
  • cognitive impairments (Mini Mental State Examination, MMSE-test < 18)
  • persons with chronic disease conditions, such as Parkinson's disease
  • Study Location
    Contact

    Information objtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, on 10/31/2014. For additional information about this and other clinical trials, visit http://clinicaltrials.gov.
    Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00986466


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